Portrait of a Lady (c.1550). Peter de Kempeneer (Flemish, 1503-1586). Mixed technique on poplar. Städel Museum.
Because it combines the monumental Italian conception of the portrait with the busy, small-scale Netherlandish approach to landscape, the attribution of this portrait was long disputed. Its recent ascription to Peter de Kempeneer is the most persuasive proposal, since it offers a plausible explanation for the work’s conflicting “stylistic registers”. Trained in Brussels, de Kempeneer went to Italy as a young man, where he probably painted the portrait now at the Städel.